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Seminar on national anthem, flag Hekasi held for teachers

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The Zamboanga City Division Office conducted a one day live-out Division Seminar workshop for Hekasi teachers for Grade IV to VI, Arpan 1st year teachers and Arpan subject coordinator last Saturday July 30, 2011 at Lotus Restaurant, Grand Astoria Hotel, Zamboanga City.

The objective of the seminar is to promote public awareness in instilling values such as love of country, respect for the flag and sense of patriotism, nationalism and to install in the hearts and mind of the Filipino youth the pride of being a Filipino and enable educators to properly sing and conduct the Philippine national anthem based on RA No. 8491.

Republic Act No. 8491 series of 1998, the flag and heraldic code of the Philippines, will promote or sustain reverence and respect for the flag, the anthem and other national symbols, all of which embody national ideals and traditions shall be given paramount consideration.

District 1 Councilor Rey Candido was tasked by Mayor Celso Lobregat to deliver his message.

“Respect would always be in accordance with the flag. The national anthem should be sung in a marching tempo and in the composition of Julian Felipe only," Lobregat said in his message.

Dr. May Belle Bautista Tee, ES-I social studies, lectured on the rules and regulations under  RA. No. 8491 Series 1998, the code of the national flag, anthem, motto, coat of arms and other heraldic items. Rule No. 1 covers the general provision; Rule No. 2 is the implementing agency. The National Historical Institute shall be the agency tasked to implement these rules. The institute shall perform planning, monitoring, coordinating, implementing, and policy-formulating functions, wherever and whenever appropriate, and in the process exercise administrative, regulatory provisions of RA. No. 8491 within the Philippines territorial limits and in conformity with the national government laws and policies. Rule No. 3  -- the national flag is prohibited from hanging at places of hilarity marked by or providing boisterous merriment or recreation like cockpit, day and night clubs, discotheques, gambling joints and places of vice. The flag shall be blue, white and red with an eight-ray golden yellow sun and three stars that are five pointed, as consecrated and honored by the people. The national flag shall be displayed in all public buildings, official residences, public plazas, and institutions of learning everyday throughout the year. Official residence shall mean Malacañang and other government-owned structures where the president resides and other structures occupied by the Philippine consulate or embassies abroad.

The national flag, if flown from the flag pole shall have its blue field on top in time of war. If in hanging position, the blue field shall be to the left in time of peace and red field to the left in time of war.

A worn-out national flag should not be thrown away. It should be burned solemnly, ashes collected and buried. The national flag shall be replaced immediately when it begins to show signs of wear and tear. The national flag shall never touch anything beneath it, such as the base of pole, ground and other object, it shall be prohibited to mutilate, deface, defile, trample on cast contempt or commit any act or omission casting dishonor or ridicule upon the national flag. It shall not be used for drapery, table cloth and as covering for ceilings, walls and statues. The flag can never be worn in whole or in part as a costume or uniform.

Mrs. Aida T. Coyme, ES-I Hekasi, was tasked to talk on Rules No. 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8.

Rule No. 4 is the national anthem. The national anthem shall always be sung in the national language within or outside the country. Rendition of national anthem whether played or sung, shall be in accordance with its original Filipino lyrics and march tempo. Singing must be done with fervor. As a sign of respect, all people shall stand at attention and face the national flag. At first note, all people shall execute a salute by placing their right palm over their chest. Those in military, scouting, citizens; military training and security guard uniforms shall give salute. The salute shall be completed upon the last note. The national anthem shall be sung in following occasions; international competitions, national or local competitions, during “signing on and signing off” of radio and television broadcast; before the  initial and last screening of films or before the opening of theater performances, civic activities, cultural shows, presentation and other occasions as may be allowed by the institute.

Rule No. 5 is the national motto.The national motto shall be “ Maka-Diyos, Makatao, Maka Kalikasan at Makabansa”

Rule No. 6 is the national coat-of-arms. The national coat-of-arms shall have pale ways of two pieces, azure and gules; a chief argent studded with three mullets equidistant from each other and, in point of honor, avoid argent over all the sun ray onnant with eight minor and lesser rays. Beneath shall be the scroll with the words “Republika ng Pilipinas” inscribe thereon.

Rule No. 7 is the Great Seal.The Great Seal shall be circular in form, with the arms as described in the proceeding section, but without the scroll and the inscription “Republika ng Pilipinas” thereon.Surrounding the whole shall be a double marginal circle within which appear the words “Republika ng Pilipinas”. It shall bear its national motto. The great seal shall be affixed upon all commissions signed by the President and upon such other official documents and papers of the Republic of the Philippines as may be provided by law.

Rule No. 8 is the Official Seal and other heraldic items and devices.Any branch of the government whether national or local, government-owned or controlled corporations, state colleges and universities, including the military, may adopt appropriate coat-of arms, seal, logo, insignia, badges, patches, banners and initiate awards, trophies, citations, orders, or decorations, as may be authorized by the Office of the President or Congress.

These heraldic devices and items shall be filed with the institute for recording and evaluation as to precedence, design and traditions,symbols, names, initials, logos, pictures, silhouettes or images of living persons shall not be featured in the design.
Any violation of R.A. 8491 or these rules shall b e a ground for suspension, revocation or non-renewal of accreditation. Failure or refusal to observe the provisions of R.A. No. 8491 and or any violation of these rules shall, after proper notice and hearing, be penalized.

The seminar was supported by the pillars of education --  Mrs. Jusna B. Lim, ES-1, Mrs. Elena Balan, Principal of Sangali National High School, Mrs. Felisa Munar, Principal of Zamboanga City High School Main, Dr. Hilda B. Frando, ES-1 HS, Filipino, Dr. Juliet Besas, Principal of Poblacion Manicahan Elem School, Mr. Joel Marcos, PSDS, Vitali District, Mr. Theodore Quiling, Ret. ES-1, Music, Mr. Eric Makinta, MT-1, Mrs. Myrna Patacsil and Mrs. Marilyn Tabobo MT-II Teacher Tetuan Central School.

By FLORENCE M. MIRANDA




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