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Understanding alcohol


*3 Types of Alcohol

Before engaging yourself into another drinking spree, it is better to gain some knowledge about what you are taking into the mainstream of your body. Among the three types of alcohol (Ethyl or Ethanol, Isopropyl or Isopropanol and Methyl or Methanol) Ethanol or what is popularly known as “drinking alcohol” could be used as a beverage and is therefore, the most commonly abuse drug. The other two types are strictly labeled “for external use only” and is not safe for human consumption.

3 Dangerous Drugs Categories

Legal Social Drugs include Alcohol, caffeine and nicotine which are purchased OTC (over the counter). Alcohol in beverages comes from the chemical change of sugar; all intoxicating beverages are mostly made up of water, alcohol and flavoring materials. Legal Medicine Drugs are the most commonly used and prescribed in hospitals and clinics and of course, the Illegal or Prohibited drugs. Take note, the toxic effects of alcohol are potentially lethal, resulting to loss of coordination and poor judgment that can lead to violent or negligent acts.

Alcohol is physically addictive and withdrawal can be an arduous and dangerous process where the death rates for withdrawal syndrome can be 20% more, therefore, proper medical treatment is required.

Alcohol in the Body

It takes only 15 minutes and about ½ of the alcohol taken to get into the blood and a maximum of 1 hour to cover all parts of the human body which contains water. There are many modern ways of measuring alcohol content in the body, the most common are tests on blood, urine and breath. The following percentage levels will determine the person's characteristics under the influence of liquor.

0%-0.05% - person is not under the influence of alcohol

0.05-0.10% - person begins to show the effects of liquor

0.10%-0.20% - person is under the influence of liquor

0.20%-higher – person is definitely drunk

0.35%-0.45% - person is now unconscious

0.50% - person actually dies from alcohol poisoning at this level

Alcohol is a neurotic poison

It acts chiefly on the nervous system, producing delirium, convulsions and comatose with disordered circulation and respiration as the outstanding symptoms. As to its pharmacological effect, it is a depressant, because it retard and depress the physiological action of an organ.

Pregnancy Risks

National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) supported study shows that prenatal exposure to alcohol causes wide-spread damage on the developing brain of the fetus. Alcohol belongs to a class of drugs that prevent brain cells from acquiring glutamate, a chemical messenger that cells use to communicate with each other.

So, the next time you hold that bottle, look for the alcohol percentage and make your choice.

To be continued...

By DMI Tetuan Parish Circle

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