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The Bangsa Sug of Sulu Sultanate struggle for self determination


The Philippines history accounts that on December 10, 1898, the Treaty of Paris between Spain and the United States was signed. The Republic of the Philippines was almost six months old then, having declared its independence on June 12, 1898.

The Sultanate of Sulu also an independent and sovereign state established on November 17, 1405, fought the Spaniards for 333 years and remained free from the Spain until 1898, with Sultan Jamalul Kiram ruled the realm up to 1936.

The Sultanate of Maguindanao, formed in 1619 by the famous Sultan Kudarat also fought the same Spanish colonizers and remained independent until 1898.

In short, there were at least three states at that time, all free and independent The United States government was aware of this situation but chose to ignore it. They claimed that there were no nations in existence here at that times, only scattered tribes fighting one another.

After the signing of the Treaty of Paris in 1898, the Bates Treaty between the United States and the Sultanate of Sulu was signed on August 20, 1899, and the Carpenter Memorandum of Agreement signed on March 22, 1915. These two bilateral agreements contain specific provisions affirming, confirming and attesting to the fact that Sulu Sultanate was an independent and sovereign state, therefore was not part of Spain which were sold and ceded to the United States for $ 20 million under the Treaty of Paris in 1898. If such was the case, what part of the Philippine Archipelago belonged to Spain, which she has the right to cede to the United States in the Treaty of Paris?

In 1946, independence was given back to the Republic of the Philippines, but not to the Sultanate of Sulu. The stain of this ugly twist of power abused by the United States remains with us today that caused the conflicts of the Bangsa Sug people of Sulu Sultanate against the de facto government of the Philippines  in Sulu Archipelago.

With these undeniable and irrefutable historical truth, the definition and technical description of the territory of the Republic of the Philippines based on Article III of the December 10, 1898 Treaty of Paris, Sulu Archipelago will continue to remain illegal political component of the Philippines.

Further more, the GRP peace panel should know who are the stakeholders of Sulu Sultanate that are authorized to represent the Bangsa Sug people. The adherents of the Sultanate of Sulu are called Bangsa Sug people since ancient time, not Bangsa Moro.

By Datu Albi Ahmad Julkarnain

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